The annual list of species described by researchers working in Switzerland
The SSS presents the list of new species, plants or animals (including fossils), recently described by researchers working in Switzerland.
If you wish to contribute, send your publication and a picture of the organism to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Click below for previous years:
99 New Species in 2021
1 pandanus from Australia
Authors: Martin W. Callmander, Sven Buerki, Frank A. Zich, Ashley R. Field and Timothy Gallaher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Geneva, Switzerland; Boise State University & Bishop Museum, USA; Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University, Queensland Herbarium & CSIRO, Australia
3 moths from Brazil
Authors: Bernard Landry & Vitor O. Becker
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Serra Bonita Reserve, Bahia, Brazil
Note for Diptychophora galvani Landry & Becker: This new taxon is named in honour of Dr Ricardo Magnus Osório Galvão, professor of the Institute of Physics of the University of São Paulo, for his courage in the face of professional adversity. The orange colour of the moth’s forewings are reminiscent of the devastating fires that had become more prevalent in the Amazon in 2019, compared to 2018, based on Dr Galvão and his team’s scientific data that cost Dr Galvão his position of Director of the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research in August 2019.
1 frog from Borneo
Authors: Laurence Etter, Alexander Haas, Chien C. Lee, Pui Yong Min, Indraneil Das, Stefan T. Hertwig
University of Bern & Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde Bern, Switzerland; Universität Hamburg, Germany; Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia
Note: The ecology of the new species of Philautus is closely associated with the carnivorous pitcher plant, Nepenthes mollis.
1 amphipod from Switzerland
Authors: Roman Alther, Nicole Bongni, Špela Borko, Cene Fišer, Florian Altermatt
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology & University of Zurich, Switzerland; University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Note: This new species, Niphargus arolaensis, was found in close vicinity to the Aare, hence its name.
1 amoeba from New Zealand
Authors: Clément Duckert, Quentin Blandenier, Michelle McKeown, Holden Hohaia, Stefan Luketa, Janet Wilmshurst, Enrique Lara, Edward A. D. Mitchell
University of Neuchâtel, Jardin Botanique de Neuchâtel, Switzerland; Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research, University of Auckland, New Zealand; University of Novi Sad, Serbia; Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain
2 ruminants from China
Authors: Bastien Mennecart, Manuela Aiglstorfer, Yikun Li, Chunxiao Li & ShiQi W
Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland; Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria; Nanjing University, Chinese Academy of Science, China
Note: Iberomeryx miaoi pushes back the oldest known crown ruminant (here a Tragulidae) from at least 3 millions of years being 37 millions of years (interesting for molecular calibration). Moreover, the presence of this taxa in Southeastern Asia confirms that dispersals from Asia to Europe during the Paleogene occurred in 2 different waves, the first one at 34 Mya originating from Central Asia and a second one at 31 Mya originating from South Asia.
The second new species (Chiyoumeryx flavimperatoris), also a new genus of ruminant, highlights the early radiation of the ruminant in Asia during the Eocene. This taxa helps to understand the paleobiogeographical provinces in Asia during that time, with a Central/Northern province more arid than the Southern one.
1 pecoran from China
Authors: Yi-Kun Li, Bastien Mennecart, Manuela Aiglstorfer, Xi-Jun Ni, Qiang Li, Tao Deng
Natural History Museum Basel, Switzerland; Nanjing University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; Naturhistorisches Museum Mainz, Germany
The origin of the appendages is something not clearly understood in the ruminant fossil record and evolution. This new ruminant species from China displays a proto-horns structure that was not known until now. These proto-appendages may be at the origin of the cranial appendages (horns) observed today in all Bovidae.
1 mayfly from Papua
Authors: Thomas Kaltenbach, Suriani Surbakti, Nikita J. Kluge, Jean-Luc Gattolliat, Michel Sartori and Michael Balke
Museum of Zoology, Lausanne, & University of Lausanne, Switzerland; Cenderawasih University, Indonesia; Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia; 5SNSB-Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Germany.
1 beetle from Sri Lanka
Publication: On the subfamily Scaritinae BONELLI, 1810 from Sri Lanka, with the description of a new species (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Scaritinae).
Author: Michael BALKENOHL
3 agamid lizards
Authors: Philipp Wagner, Flora Ihlow, Timo Hartmann, Morris Flecks, Andreas Schmitz, Wolfgang Böhme
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Allwetterzoo Münster, Münster, Germany; Villanova University, Villanova, USA; Museum of Zoology Senckenberg, Dresde, Germany; Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany.
5 beetles from the Philippines
Publication: Contribution to the knowledge of the Scaphisomatini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Scaphidiinae) of Mindanao, Philippines.
Author: Ivan Löbl
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland
3 beetles from Chile
Authors: Kurbatov, S. A., Cuccodoro, G. & Sabella, G
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche ed Ambientali dell’Università – sezione Biologia Animale, Catania, Italy; Museum of Entomology, All-Russian Plant Quarantine Center, Bykovo, Russia.
4 geckos from Angola
Authors: William R. Branch, Andreas Schmitz, Javier Lobón-Rovira, Ninda L. Baptista, Telmo António, Werner Conradie
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Port Elizabeth Museum & Nelson Mandela University, South Africa; Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Instituto Superior de Ciências da Educação da Huíla, Angola; Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia.
This year, the Alps have once again proven to be a source of undiscovered biodiversity. After many seasons of field work and research in herbaria, a new plant species of the primulaceae family (Primulaceae) has been described: Androsace albimontana. This new species was chosen this year as an emblem by the Swiss Systematics Society (SSS).