159 New Species in 2021
1 beetle from Greece
Publication: Description of a new species of the genus Echinodera Wollaston, 1863 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and supplement to the weevil fauna of Kefalonia Island (Greece).
Authors: Christoph Germann and André Schütte
Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland; Research Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany.
24 fungi from worldwide forests
Authors: A.Savchenko, J.C.Zamora, T.Shirouzu, V.Spirin, V.Malysheva, U.Kõljalg, O.Miettinen
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Geneva, Switzerland; Natural History Museum & Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Estonia; Uppsala University, Sweden; Mie University, Japan; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Finland; Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
12 beetles from the Himalaya
Publication: On the Himalayan Pselaphini (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Pselaphinae) (book chapter in Biodiversität und Naturausstattung im Himalaya VII. - Erfurt 2021).
Aurthors: Ivan Löbl & Ján Kodada
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
2 jumping plant lice from Brazil
Publication: Two new species of Colophorina Capener, 1973 (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Psyllidae) from Brazil associated with Dipteryx (Fabaceae) with comments on Colophorina and Euryconus Aulmann, 1912.
Authors: Daniel Burckhardt, Dalva L. Queiroz
Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, Switzerland; Embrapa Florestas, Colombo, Brazil
2 mayflies from Central Asia
Authors: Pavel Sroka, Zohar Yanai, Dmitry Palatov, Jean-Luc Gattolliat
Museum of Zoology, Lausanne, & University of Lausanne, Switzerland; Institute of Entomology, Czech Republic; The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History,Tel Aviv, Israel; Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow, Russia.
1 pandanus from Australia
Authors: Martin W. Callmander, Sven Buerki, Frank A. Zich, Ashley R. Field and Timothy Gallaher
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Geneva, Switzerland; Boise State University & Bishop Museum, USA; Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University, Queensland Herbarium & CSIRO, Australia
3 moths from Brazil
Authors: Bernard Landry & Vitor O. Becker
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Serra Bonita Reserve, Bahia, Brazil
Note for Diptychophora galvani Landry & Becker: This new taxon is named in honour of Dr Ricardo Magnus Osório Galvão, professor of the Institute of Physics of the University of São Paulo, for his courage in the face of professional adversity. The orange colour of the moth’s forewings are reminiscent of the devastating fires that had become more prevalent in the Amazon in 2019, compared to 2018, based on Dr Galvão and his team’s scientific data that cost Dr Galvão his position of Director of the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research in August 2019.
1 frog from Borneo
Authors: Laurence Etter, Alexander Haas, Chien C. Lee, Pui Yong Min, Indraneil Das, Stefan T. Hertwig
University of Bern & Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde Bern, Switzerland; Universität Hamburg, Germany; Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia
Note: The ecology of the new species of Philautus is closely associated with the carnivorous pitcher plant, Nepenthes mollis.
1 amphipod from Switzerland
Authors: Roman Alther, Nicole Bongni, Špela Borko, Cene Fišer, Florian Altermatt
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology & University of Zurich, Switzerland; University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Note: This new species, Niphargus arolaensis, was found in close vicinity to the Aare, hence its name.
1 amoeba from New Zealand
Authors: Clément Duckert, Quentin Blandenier, Michelle McKeown, Holden Hohaia, Stefan Luketa, Janet Wilmshurst, Enrique Lara, Edward A. D. Mitchell
University of Neuchâtel, Jardin Botanique de Neuchâtel, Switzerland; Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research, University of Auckland, New Zealand; University of Novi Sad, Serbia; Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain
2 ruminants from China
Authors: Bastien Mennecart, Manuela Aiglstorfer, Yikun Li, Chunxiao Li & ShiQi W
Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland; Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria; Nanjing University, Chinese Academy of Science, China
Note: Iberomeryx miaoi pushes back the oldest known crown ruminant (here a Tragulidae) from at least 3 millions of years being 37 millions of years (interesting for molecular calibration). Moreover, the presence of this taxa in Southeastern Asia confirms that dispersals from Asia to Europe during the Paleogene occurred in 2 different waves, the first one at 34 Mya originating from Central Asia and a second one at 31 Mya originating from South Asia.
The second new species (Chiyoumeryx flavimperatoris), also a new genus of ruminant, highlights the early radiation of the ruminant in Asia during the Eocene. This taxa helps to understand the paleobiogeographical provinces in Asia during that time, with a Central/Northern province more arid than the Southern one.
1 pecoran from China
Authors: Yi-Kun Li, Bastien Mennecart, Manuela Aiglstorfer, Xi-Jun Ni, Qiang Li, Tao Deng
Natural History Museum Basel, Switzerland; Nanjing University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; Naturhistorisches Museum Mainz, Germany
The origin of the appendages is something not clearly understood in the ruminant fossil record and evolution. This new ruminant species from China displays a proto-horns structure that was not known until now. These proto-appendages may be at the origin of the cranial appendages (horns) observed today in all Bovidae.
1 mayfly from Papua
Authors: Thomas Kaltenbach, Suriani Surbakti, Nikita J. Kluge, Jean-Luc Gattolliat, Michel Sartori and Michael Balke
Museum of Zoology, Lausanne, & University of Lausanne, Switzerland; Cenderawasih University, Indonesia; Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia; 5SNSB-Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Germany.
1 beetle from Sri Lanka
Publication: On the subfamily Scaritinae BONELLI, 1810 from Sri Lanka, with the description of a new species (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Scaritinae).
Author: Michael BALKENOHL
3 agamid lizards
Authors: Philipp Wagner, Flora Ihlow, Timo Hartmann, Morris Flecks, Andreas Schmitz, Wolfgang Böhme
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Allwetterzoo Münster, Münster, Germany; Villanova University, Villanova, USA; Museum of Zoology Senckenberg, Dresde, Germany; Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany.
5 beetles from the Philippines
Publication: Contribution to the knowledge of the Scaphisomatini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Scaphidiinae) of Mindanao, Philippines.
Author: Ivan Löbl
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland
3 beetles from Chile
Authors: Kurbatov, S. A., Cuccodoro, G. & Sabella, G
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche ed Ambientali dell’Università – sezione Biologia Animale, Catania, Italy; Museum of Entomology, All-Russian Plant Quarantine Center, Bykovo, Russia.
4 geckos from Angola
Authors: William R. Branch, Andreas Schmitz, Javier Lobón-Rovira, Ninda L. Baptista, Telmo António, Werner Conradie
Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland; Port Elizabeth Museum & Nelson Mandela University, South Africa; Universidade do Porto, Portugal; Instituto Superior de Ciências da Educação da Huíla, Angola; Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia.
A Brazilian moth elected species of the year of the Swiss Systematics Society
This moth, with a wingspan of 10 to 12 mm, is known only from a few specimens from the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso. The species was dedicated to Professor Ricardo Galvão, the former director of the Brazilian National Institute of Space Research (INPE), who opposed the Brazilian government's devastating biodiversity policy.